The development of science and technology are held back by capitalism - by private ownership and the pursuit of profit. Only the ideas of Marxism - scientific socialism - can offer a way forward.

The development of science and technology are held back by capitalism - by private ownership and the pursuit of profit. Only the ideas of Marxism - scientific socialism - can offer a way forward.

Introduction

Marxists seek to understand the laws governing society so as to be able to carry out revolutionary change, in the same way that natural scientists seek to uncover the laws of nature so as best to increase our control over nature. In this sense, Marxism is a scientific endeavour. Indeed Marx and Engels referred to their outlook as “scientific socialism”.

The key to the Marxist method is the philosophy of dialectical materialism. Marx’s lifelong collaborator, Engels, described this philosophy as “the most general laws of motion of nature, society, and human thought.” At root, this philosophy is a philosophy of change, which has found itself confirmed in a hundred and one ways by the latest discoveries of modern science.

Today capitalism in decay threatens the sciences from multiple angles. Cuts in research spending and the casualisation of labour are grinding the sciences down. At the same time, the capitalist class funds all kinds of obscurantist movements. The extremes to which capitalism has extended the division of labour has also begun to threaten the sciences. A divorce exists today between theoretical and practical sciences. The result has been an increasing trend towards speculation that eschews “mere” experimentation. This has led to a revival, on the intellectual peaks of capitalist society, of mystical, idealist trends dressed up in very “scientific-sounding” phrases.

At the dawn of the capitalist epoch the sciences were a key battleground in the struggle against the rubbish of the feudal era. The same is even truer today and all revolutionaries should take an interest in these struggles.


Introductory articles

Preface to Engels' Dialectics of Nature - Rob Sewell 

Capitalism vs Science - Mike Palecek

Chaos, Science, and Marxism - Daniel Morley

Science and knowledge in the age of capitalist crisis - Alan Woods

Engels and human development - John Pickard

The degradation of science under capitalism - Adam Booth

 

Longer articles

Scientific revolution and materialist philosophy - Ben Curry

Why capitalism is stunting science - Anthony Oakland

Marx, Darwin, and Gould: The revolution of evolution - Lorenzo Esposito and Emanuele Cullorà

Quantum mechanics: On the cusp of a scientific revolution - Ben Curry

The crisis of cosmology - Adam Booth

Technology, innovation, growth, capitalism - Adam Booth

 

Marxist classics and books

Reason in Revolt - Ted Grant and Alan Woods 

Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy - Frederick Engels

Anti-Duhring, Part One: Philosophy - Frederick Engels 

The Dialectics of Nature - Frederick Engels

Materialism and Empirio-Criticism - Lenin

Conspectus of Hegel's "The Science of Logic" - Lenin 

 

Audios and videos 

Artificial intelligence and the nature of consciousness - Daniel Morley

The Part Played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to Man - John Pickard

The Crisis of Modern Science - Adam Booth

Marxism and science: Tipping points, catastrophe, and revolution

Dialectics, Science, and Nature - Ben Curry

"Race against the machine": Capitalism, automation, and technology