The last couple of years have seen perhaps the most disturbed period economically in the whole of the history of the state. The consequence of the period of rapid growth between 1995 and 2007 has been, if anything, to make the crash even more dramatic as the bubble of speculation and inflated property prices imploded. The crash represented a clear break with the preceding period.
The unemployment figure rocketed as tens of thousands of thousands of jobs disappeared. The imposition of levies, attacks on welfare payments and cuts in public expenditure have further cut demand in the economy piling more and more pressures on working people. However, despite this the headline predictions for Gross Domestic Product are for a 0.8% growth in the economy in 2010. But how accurate is this figure? Manufacturing growth is “feeble” according to a study by NCB stockbrokers reported by Finfacts on 2nd September.
The recent news that the number of mortgage holders in arrears for more than six months has increased by 12% is just one of a number of indicators that the economic situation is still poor. Unemployment is still on the rise and now stands at 455,000. Mortgage lending has fallen and retail sales are still static. The economy is still very sluggish and of course a 0.8% growth in GDP has to be balanced against a fall of 7.1% in 2009.
The huge hole in the state finances amounted to a €24,641,000,000 last year. This is the background to the cuts in state spending and to the vicious McCarthy report: An Bord Snip. Cuts in public sector pay and in spending have further depressed the economy. However, there are other pressures particularly from Europe. Economic growth in the sixteen country eurozone fell slightly in August after relatively higher growth in the second quarter of 2010.
RTÉ reported on the 28th August:
The fragility of the economy has also been demonstrated by the downgrading of the state’s credit rating with Standard and Poors from AA to AA-. S&P were the last of the credit agencies to downgrade Ireland this year. RTÉ explained the reasons behind this on August 24th:
The consequence of the reduction in the state’s credit rating will be to increase the interest rates that Ireland needs to pay on government bonds. The pressure therefore as expressed by the European Central Bank is for more cuts to offset this process.
In other words there is a more or less direct trade off between the cuts and the state of the Irish Banks. But the vulnerability of the Irish Banks also explains the rumblings within the coalition over the future of AIB. The putative plans to split AIB into to two parts seem to have been dropped in favour of slowly winding the bank down. The Irish Times reported on 2nd September:
“An orderly wind-down of Anglo Irish Bank over a lengthy period has emerged as the favoured option of most Ministers.
The Cabinet had a lengthy discussion on the future of Anglo yesterday, and said in a statement afterwards that it was united in its determination that the issue should be resolved at the least cost to the taxpayer in a way that gives finality.
“The Government is working with the EU authorities to that end; it is also in active discussion with the EU Commission about the future of the bank guarantee,” added the statement.
Government sources said later that a wind-down had now become the more likely option, while the good bank/bad bank solution favoured by the bank itself had dropped down the scale.
Minister for Finance Brian Lenihan will travel to Brussels for a routine meeting with his fellow EU finance ministers on Monday, and the issue of Anglo is expected to feature in discussions.
A final decision on the fate of the bank will depend on the view taken by the European Commission and the European Central Bank on the issue.
In recent days, Fianna Fáil and Green Party Ministers gave conflicting signals about the desirability of a rapid wind-up of Anglo.
However, Ministers from both parties yesterday insisted they were united on the issue”
“Anglo was first recapitalised last year with a €4 billion cash injection from the State, but this capital requirement has been exceeded many times over following the transfer of its property loans to the National Asset Management Agency (Nama).
The commission is attempting to gauge the accuracy of projections which suggest that splitting Anglo into good and bad banks is the option with the lowest cost to the taxpayer, that is, some €25 billion.
With ratings agency Standard Poor’s suggesting Anglo may ultimately need €35 billion – something Mr Aynsley rejects – officials want clarity as to the exact extent of its capital requirement if it is to remain open as a going concern.”So not only is the economy in a particularly fragile state, but the governments efforts to bail out the banks will force further cuts in state spending which will further deflate the economy. Regardless of whether the economy stumbles to 0.8% this year or not, Ireland has entered a long and damaging period of austerity. This is the background to the slash and burn economics of Brian Lenihan and Brian Cowen. It is a clear sign that Irish capitalism has entered a new stage. There is no way out on the basis of capitalism.