We publish here a collection of articles by female comrades from the Marxist Student Federation looking at the many ways in which capitalism oppresses women. The struggle for genuine liberation is a revolutionary struggle for socialism.

We publish here a collection of articles by female comrades from the Marxist Student Federation looking at the many ways in which capitalism oppresses women.

The root cause of all forms of oppression is the division of society into classes. This oppression can take many forms. Alongside class oppression we find the oppression of one nation over another, racial oppression, and the oppression of women.

Marxists fight against oppression and discrimination in all its forms. At the same time, we must emphasise that only with a radical transformation of society and the abolition of class oppression can we create the conditions for the abolition of oppression in all its manifestations. Only in this way can we establish a truly human society based upon equality, justice and freedom.

The oppression of women didn’t always exist. In fact, the family as we know it today hasn’t always existed. Marxism explains that it arose together with class society, private property and the state. The oppression of women is only as old as the division of society into classes. Its abolition is therefore dependent on the abolition of classes - that is, on the socialist revolution.

This doesn’t mean that the oppression of women will automatically vanish when the working class takes power. The psychological heritage of class society's barbarism will finally be overcome when the social conditions are created for the establishment of real human relations between men and women. But unless and until we overthrow capitalism and lay the conditions for the achievement of a classless society, no genuine emancipation of women is possible.

However, this does not mean that women should wait for the socialist revolution to solve their problems, submitting meekly to discrimination, humiliation and male domination in the meantime. On the contrary, without the day-to-day struggle for advances under the present society, the social revolution would be unthinkable. It is precisely through the struggle for partial gains and reforms that the working class as a whole learns, develops its consciousness, acquires a sense of its own power, and raises itself to the level demanded by great historical tasks.

Women are not objects

By Fiona Lali, SOAS Marxists

Advertising objectification capitalismTurning on our phones, opening a paper or walking out onto the street, we’re constantly drowned in images of female perfection. The beauty standards are oppressive, exacting and utterly unattainable. For example, images in the media often promote a traditionally European ideal of womanhood, even in our modern multicultural society.

This objectification of women in the media and society is rooted in capitalism. Separating women from a feeling of comfort and acceptance of our bodies is used to sell things to us. And the sexualisation of women is used as a marketing tool to make as large a profit as possible. This unhealthy depiction of women normalises harmful attitudes within society.

A woman’s existence should not be rooted in her desirability. Yet the capitalist class in control of the media continues to churn out overtly sexual images of female bodies. These people are responsible for fueling the sexism that results in increasing rates of degradation and violence against women. Specifically, scenes in film and TV that trivialise rape and glorify violence to advance storylines encourage the reduction of women to passive objects of male desire.

The issue of objectification is ultimately a class question. As long as the capitalist class maintains its monopoly over the media, women will be objectified for profit. The feminist movement makes strides towards changing people’s perceptions, but we also need to remove the overarching economic system. The only way to end this treatment of women is to dismantle the capitalist system that ensnares us.

A woman’s place is in the revolution, not the kitchen

By Lilly Cockwill, Sheffield Marxists

DumpTrump1The burden of domestic tasks has been forced on the shoulders of women throughout the capitalist epoch. Women are expected to adhere unquestioningly to traditional family roles, to be isolated within the home and to take full responsibility for looking after the children and the upkeep of the house.

Despite the enormous burden of these tasks, they can’t be directly exploited for profit by the capitalists, so they’ve always been considered less important or not “real work”.

Now, more and more women are becoming part of the workforce. Women make up just under half (46%) of workers in the UK, and 74% of women who have children also work. In 2015, one-third of British working mothers were the main income provider for their families.

So, we see women are taking on even more work than they previously had: not only are they now a huge part of the workforce, it’s also assumed they will automatically carry on their unpaid labour in the home alongside this!

This double burden of exploitation must come to an end. The only way is with a complete revolutionary transformation of society.

We should be sharing out all the work in society equally, so that those at the bottom aren’t working themselves to death just so those at the top can laze around in luxury. Then we could reduce the length of the working day.

Importantly, the additional labour of household work and the raising of children could be shared across society. These tasks could be socialised through the provision of public laundrettes and affordable canteens, and by providing access to free universal childcare.

A society like this would be for the benefit of all workers, especially women. This is a socialist society!

Equal pay for equal work

By Hasnaa, UCL Marxists

grunwick4It’s often said that gender discrimination in the workplace is a phenomenon of the past, with the introduction of The Equal Pay Act in the 1970s and the increase of women workers. However, this is not the case.

Currently, the pay gap between men and women is around 20%, with the majority of women employed in the precarious service sector. In fact, the situation continues to worsen. In 2014, average annual wages for women fell from £18,000 to £15,400, while for men the figure was stagnant at £24,800.

As we can see, even with the Equal Pay Act we have not seen a significant change in the pay differential between men and women. This reveals that there is a more deep-rooted problem that cannot be resolved through laws and agreements.

So what could be the issue? The fact is that increasing profits by squeezing wages is an inherent part of capitalism. As women joined the workforce, they were treated by the bosses as cheap labour, being paid only what the factory owners were willing to pay and barred from joining trade unions as they were seen as a threat to male workers. This inequality was justified by the exaggeration of biological differences.

Capitalism exists to create as much profit as possible, and one way of achieving this is to spend the absolute minimum on the cost of labour power. A system like this will never allow full equality, but will continue to create artificial divisions within the working class - if not through gender then through race, nationality, religion etc.

The fight for the equal pay of women - along with better maternity, childcare and flexible hours - is therefore inseparable from the class struggle and the emancipation of the working class.

Marxists fight for the liberation of the working class so that all women may be liberated from the exploitative conditions of a male-dominated society under capitalism.

Abortion is a right

By Sarah Taylor, Manchester Marxists

Abortion is a rightIn 1920, the Soviet Union became the first country in the world to fully legalise abortion, proving that the Bolsheviks were serious about women’s rights. Almost 100 years later and this is still a topic at the forefront of political debate, especially in America.

Last year, a picture of Trump’s administration re-imposing the global “gag rule” went viral. This rule means that any overseas organisation would have all US funding removed if they so much as mentioned the word abortion. In doing so, Trump removed the right of a doctor to talk honestly to a patient in need.

Abortion should be free and legal in any nation, for any reason, for anyone. It’s a basic democratic right. Forcing someone to go through nine months of pregnancy against their will is sadistic and cruel - something the capitalist system is neither uncomfortable nor unfamiliar with.

In any case, limiting or banning abortion simply doesn’t work. In countries where abortion is illegal, more abortions take place. Free and non-judgmental access is more likely to reduce abortions than banning them. We should be funding more healthcare and education, not less.

Why is abortion still a topic of debate? Because some of the most backward, reactionary, disgusting members of the ruling class still see an opportunity to divide the working class amongst itself using the hypocrisy of “traditional” or religious values.

We mustn’t let them divide us. If we unite as the working class, then we can beat the rich and powerful. We can stop them exploiting and oppressing us. We can finally take control of our own bodies, our own lives and our own destinies.

educate yourself
Socialist Appeal are proud to publish this education guide to help focus your studies of Marxist theory and practice. Visit the various tabs below to find links to introductory articles, classic texts, videos and audio talks for different topics. Read More
Check out this selection of writings for an excellent introduction to many of the fundamentals of Marxist theory, providing a strong basis for those wishing to equip themselves with the ideas necessary in order to fight for socialism. Read More
Dialectical materialism is the philosophy or methodology of Marxism. We must seek to understand the laws of society and nature in order to change them. Read More
Historical materialism is the general theory of how and why society develops in the way it does. Each social system has its inherent laws of motion. If we want to overthrow capitalist society, we must understand how capitalism works. Read More
Marxist economics is the study of the laws of motion of capitalist society, allowing us to understand why capitalism perpetually goes into crisis, where inequality comes from, and what the alternative is. Read More
The Russian Revolution is the greatest event in world history for Marxists. Studying the events of 1917, and understanding why the Revolution degenerated into Stalinism, provides vital lessons for revolutionaries today. Read More
For Marxists, the state is not at all neutral. We must understand the state’s real basis and strip away its mysticism by treating it historically - taking in its origins, rise, and eventual fall. Read More
Anarchism is naturally attractive for those wanting to abolish capitalism. But only Marxist ideas can explain why bureaucracy and oppression exist - and how to overthrow the exploitative capitalist system. Read More
Marxists are irreconcilably opposed to the oppression of women and fight determinedly for liberation and against discrimination. We believe this will be achieved through the class struggle - to abolish the oppressive capitalist system. Read More
The madness of fascism expresses the historic crisis and dead-end of capitalism. But it could have been avoided if the working class had a united revolutionary leadership, prepared to take power. Read More
Nations have not always existed, nor will they always exist in the future. Marxists are internationalists, fighting for world socialist revolution as the only way forward for humanity and our planet. Read More
Wars represent the sharp extreme of capitalism’s impasse. Imperialism, Lenin said, was the "highest stage of capitalism". As long as the profit system exists, there will be wars over markets and spheres of influence. Read More
All written history, Marx stated, is the history of class struggle. Our task is to learn the lessons from history in order to prepare for the revolutionary events taking place today and in the future. Read More
Our aim is to spread the ideas of Marxism, in an organised fashion, amongst workers and youth. In order to do this, we must study the history and traditions of the working class. Read More
  • Educate Yourself
  • The Fundamentals of Marxism: suggested reading
  • Dialectical Materialism and Science
  • Historical Materialism
  • Marxist Economics
  • Russia, Lenin, Trotsky and Stalinism
  • The State
  • Anarchism
  • Women's liberation
  • Fascism
  • The National Question
  • Imperialism and War
  • Revolutionary History
  • Revolutionary Strategy